This article was originally published here
Eur J Dent Educ. 2022 April 3. doi: 10.1111/eje.12798. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: This scoping review aims to determine the frequency of different teaching methodologies, tools, and platforms being applied in dental education during the COVID-19 pandemic.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search strategy was carried out in six databases and gray literature. A total of 28 questionnaire-based studies were included, with no language or time restrictions, from 20 different countries.
RESULTS: 6565 participants were assessed: 84% undergraduate students, 9% faculty members, 5% postgraduate students/residents/trainees, and 2% dental schools/residency programs. Pooled eligible data for teaching methodologies were 62% a combination of different methods (95% CI 35.5% to 82.3%), 23% a combination of synchronous and asynchronous formats (95% CI %, 8.2% to 50.2%), and 15% for synchronous conferences only (95% CI, 4.3% to 42.2%). Tools reported were laptops (40%), smartphones (40%), tablets (40%), desktops (20%), blackboard (20%), Respondus Lockdown Browser (20% ), eProctor (20%) and PowerPoint. (20%). The most used platforms were Zoom (70.6%), Microsoft Teams (23.5%) and Cisco Webex (23.5%). Better time management (17.9%; 95% CI, 7.9% to 35.6%) and the ability to review with additional notes (14.3%; 95% CI, 5.7% at 31.5%) were the greatest benefits related to dental e-learning, while increased levels of anxiety/stress/burnout/exhaustion (35.7%; 95% CI, 21% at 54, 2%) and Internet connection problems (35.7%; 95% CI, 21% to 54.2%) were the most cited disadvantages.
CONCLUSION: This scoping review showed promising mixed teaching methodologies, tools, and platforms in the dental education profile. Evidence suggests that e-learning technologies can greatly contribute to dental education during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, this study makes a major contribution to research by assessing the impact of COVID restrictions on dental education and further studies are needed to identify how restrictions in dental practice will affect future professionals.