Profile of dental education during the COVID-19 pandemic: a scoping review

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Eur J Dent Educ. 2022 April 3. doi: 10.1111/eje.12798. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: This scoping review aims to determine the frequency of different teaching methodologies, tools, and platforms being applied in dental education during the COVID-19 pandemic.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search strategy was carried out in six databases and gray literature. A total of 28 questionnaire-based studies were included, with no language or time restrictions, from 20 different countries.

RESULTS: 6565 participants were assessed: 84% undergraduate students, 9% faculty members, 5% postgraduate students/residents/trainees, and 2% dental schools/residency programs. Pooled eligible data for teaching methodologies were 62% a combination of different methods (95% CI 35.5% to 82.3%), 23% a combination of synchronous and asynchronous formats (95% CI %, 8.2% to 50.2%), and 15% for synchronous conferences only (95% CI, 4.3% to 42.2%). Tools reported were laptops (40%), smartphones (40%), tablets (40%), desktops (20%), blackboard (20%), Respondus Lockdown Browser (20% ), eProctor (20%) and PowerPoint. (20%). The most used platforms were Zoom (70.6%), Microsoft Teams (23.5%) and Cisco Webex (23.5%). Better time management (17.9%; 95% CI, 7.9% to 35.6%) and the ability to review with additional notes (14.3%; 95% CI, 5.7% at 31.5%) were the greatest benefits related to dental e-learning, while increased levels of anxiety/stress/burnout/exhaustion (35.7%; 95% CI, 21% at 54, 2%) and Internet connection problems (35.7%; 95% CI, 21% to 54.2%) were the most cited disadvantages.

CONCLUSION: This scoping review showed promising mixed teaching methodologies, tools, and platforms in the dental education profile. Evidence suggests that e-learning technologies can greatly contribute to dental education during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, this study makes a major contribution to research by assessing the impact of COVID restrictions on dental education and further studies are needed to identify how restrictions in dental practice will affect future professionals.

PMID:35368144 | DO I:10.1111/eje.12798

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